Essential Competencies Through Primary Education

Language Competencies

Mathematics Competencies

Environmental Studies Competencies

General Competencies

Return to Index Page of Articles

Homepage of NCERT

The pedagogy based on Minimum Levels of Learning (MLLs) requires conditions that are presently not available in majority of the primary schools in the country. Also, the primary school curriculum is often considered to be too academic and rural parents are not convinced of its relevance to their life. Because of these limitations most of the recent initiatives taken for improving the primary education have not produced the intended impact.

The political parties have generally agreed to provide in the constitution an act for making elementary education a fundamental right. If the provisions in this act are to be justiciable, it is essential to define the scope of elementary education in the form of meaningful and measurable learning outcomes. If the State decides to place the onus on parents for sending their children to school the State will also have to guarantee the quality of education that it will provide to fulfil its obligation of meeting the fundamental right of each child. In order to state in practical and meaningful manner what can be guaranteed by the State, it is necessary to find from the practitioners, that is teachers, what they can effectively teach to each child in spite of the limitations of their working conditions. To find answer to this question an exercise was recently conducted at the District Institute of Education and Training (DIET), Bikaner, Rajasthan.

The DIET, Bikaner, conducts a two-year pre-service course for preparing teachers for the elementary stage. As the eligibility for admission to the secondary teacher certificate course is a pass in the class 12 examination, students for this course are generally in the age group 19 to 21 years. At this institution the total strength of this two-year course is around 100. While interacting with the student-teachers an idea occurred to ask them to identify such essential terminal competencies at the end of the first five years of schooling which they would be able to develop in each child irrespective of the inadequacies in schools where they might work. Each of the student-teachers was asked to do independent thinking. Eighty three trainees who took up the exercise provided the basic data for the study in the form of written statements. These statements were further analysed in small groups of trainees. Eight such groups deliberated to crystallise the statements into meaningful, achievable and measurable learning outcomes. Each group prepared a report consisting of learning outcomes in language, mathematics and environmental study that should be achieved by each child through the primary schooling. The group reports were presented in a plenary session. The contents of these reports were quite similar and were generally endorsed by all the students. The task of consolidation of these reports has been done. In the following paragraphs the essential learning outcomes for the primary stage of education, as visualised by would-be primary school teachers, have been given.

Preamble

As teachers we shall convince parents that for their children primary education is as essential for building a good base for life as a firm foundation is for putting up a strong structure. We shall ask parents to send their children to school for we will develop in them basic life skills. We will teach them with love and help each child to attain the competencies required for daily life.

Language Competencies

    1. Speaking and listening

Each child will be able to:

    1. Reading

Each child will be able to:

    1. Writing

Each child will be able to:

Mathematics Competencies

Mathematics develops the ability to reason logically and to express thoughts precisely, clearly and accurately. Also, an elementary knowledge of arithmetic is essential for handling daily transactions competently.

Numbers

Each child will be able to:

Environmental Studies Competencies

Environmental study enables learners to know their physical and social environment and develops sensitivity for the protection and conservation of their environment.

Each child will be able to:

Other Competencies

Each child will be able to:

Return to Index Page of Articles

Homepage of NCERT